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Azzolini, Sergio

Picture: Azzolini, Sergio

Bolzano (Italy), 1967. Sergio Azzolini was born in 1967 in Bolzano where he studied the bassoon from 1978 to 1985 at the Claudio Monteverdi Conservatory of Music under the guidance of Romano Santi. After this, until 1989, he studied with Klaus Thunemann at the Hannover Advanced School of Music. While still studying he was principal solo bassoon of the European Community Youth Orchestra. Sergio Azzolini has attracted attention on himself through the many awards received in the international competitions of Ancona, Prague, Belgrade, Martigny, Bonn and München. The EMI record company has booked him for a number of chamber music productions. Besides his regular solo activity, Sergio Azzolini concentrates intensely on his ensemble Il Proteo, is a member of the Ma'alot Quintetts, of the Sabine Meyer Bläserensemble, of the Maurice Bourgue Trio, and several musical groups with original instruments. Following his activity as professor at the Stuttgart Advanced State School of Music, since 1998 he teaches the bassoon and chamber music at the Basle State Academy of Music.

Biography

BACH, Johann Sebastian

Picture: BACH, Johann Sebastian

Eisenach, 1685 - Leipzig, 1750. Born into a musical family, Bach received his earliest instruction from his father. After his father's death in 1695, Bach moved to Ohrdruf, where he lived and studied organ with his older brother Johann Christoph. He also received an education at schools in Eisenach, Ohrdruf, and Lüneburg. Bach's first permanent positions were as organist in Arnstadt (1703-1707) and Mühlhausen (1707-1708). During these years, he performed, composed taught, and developed an interest in organ building. From 1708-1717 he was employed by Duke Wilhelm Ernst of Weimar, first as court organist, and after 1714, as concertmaster. During this period, he composed many of his best organ compositions; in his capacity as concertmaster, he was also expected to produce a cantata each month. In Weimar, Bach's style was influenced by his study of numerous Italian compositions (especially Vivaldi concertos). Bach's next position, as Music Director for the Prince Leopold of Cüthen (1717-1723), involved entirely different activities. Since the court chapel was Calvinist, there was no need for church compositions; Bach probably used the Cüthen organs only for teaching and practice. His new works were primarily for instrumental solo or ensemble, to be used as court entertainment or for instruction. Among the important compositions at Cüthen were the Brandenburg Concertos, the first volume of Das wohltemperirte Clavier (The Well-Tempered Clavier), the "French" and "English" Suites for harpsichord (although the "English" Suites may be from the Weimar period), and most of the sonatas and suites for other instruments. In 1723, Bach was appointed cantor at the St. Thomas Church and School, and Director of Music for Leipzig, positions which he retained for the rest of his career. His official duties included the responsibility of overseeing the music in the four principal churches of the city, and organizing other musical events sponsored by the municipal council. During his first six years in Leipzig (1723-1729), Bach's most impressive compositions were his sacred cantatas (four yearly cycles), and the St. John and St. Matthew Passions. Bach apparently gave virtuoso organ recitals in Leipzig and on various tours, although he had no official position as organist in Leipzig. In 1729-1737 and 1739-1741, he was director of the Leipzig Collegium Musicum, an organization which had been founded by Telemann in 1704. This group of professional musicians and university students performed weekly concerts (out-of-doors in the summer, and at Zimmerman's coffee-house in the winter). Although no specific programs for these concerts have survived, Bach apparently revived and many of his instrumental compositions from Cüthen, wrote new works (e.g., secular cantatas), and conducted pieces by other composers. During the 1730s, Bach renewed his interest in keyboard compositions, and prepared the first three volumes of his Clavier-Übung (Keyboard Practice) for publication (1731, 1735, 1739); the fourth volume appeared in 1741-1742. In the 1730s, he also showed considerable interest in the royal court at Dresden, and was named "Hofkomponist" (court-composer") in Dresden in 1736. During Bach's last decade (the 1740s), he completed or revised several large-scale projects which he had started earlier. The Well-Tempered Clavier, Vol. II; a manuscript collection of chorale preludes (known as the "Leipzig 18", comprising revisions of Weimar pieces), and the B minor Mass. Other new works showed

Biography

  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 2 in D minor BWV 1008 (transcription for double bass)

    I. Prelude

    CLASS 727: [O.V.: English-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 9' 54''
    Part - 1h 03' 31''
  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 2 in D minor BWV 1008 (transcription for double bass)

    II. Allemande

    CLASS 727: [O.V.: English-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 30' 51''
  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 3 in C major BWV 1009 (transcription for bassoon)

    III. Courante

    CLASS 691: [O.V.: English-Spanish-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 5' 42''
    Part - 28' 06''
    Part - 19' 04''
  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 3 in C major BWV 1009 (transcription for bassoon)

    II. Allemande

    CLASS 691: [O.V.: English-Spanish-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 15' 24''
  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 1 in G major BWV 1007 (transcription for bassoon)

    III. Courante

    CLASS 693: [O.V.: Italian-Spanish]

    Content

    Part - 1h 03' 06''
  • BACH | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Suite for cello solo no. 4 in E flat major BWV 1010 (transcription for bassoon)

    I. Prélude

    CLASS 686: [O.V.: English-Italian] [Tras: Spanish ]

    Content

    Part - 33' 26''
    Part - 27' 44''

BOZZA, Eugène

Picture: BOZZA, Eugène

Niza, 1905 - Valenciennes, 1991. Compositor y violinista francés del siglo XX. Nació en Niza en 1905 y falleció en Valenciennes en 1991. Estudió en el Conservatorio Nacional Superior de Música de París y allí mismo recibió el Primer Premio de Violín, dirección de Orquesta y Composición. Además de estos premio consiguió en 1934 el Primer Gran Premio de Roma. Fue director titular de la orquesta de la Opera-Comique desde 1939 hasta 1948 y a partir de entonces fue director del conservatorio en Valenciennes Entre sus composiciones encontramos numerosas obras para orquesta, música de cámara, voz, piano y gran número de estudios para diversos instrumentos. En sus composiciones utiliza formas clásicas y un lenguaje tonal.

Biography

GENERALITIES, GENERALITIES

Picture: GENERALITIES, GENERALITIES

Biography

KALLIWODA, Johann Wenzel

Picture: KALLIWODA, Johann Wenzel

Prague, 1801 - Kalrsruhe, 1866.

Biography

MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus

Picture: MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus

Salzburg, 1756 - Vienna, 1791. Austrian composer from the Classical period. Regarded as one of the most prominent in the history of Western music. Born in Salzburg on 27 January 1756, baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Studied with his father Leopold Mozart, a renowned composer and violinist who had a post at the court orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg. At the age of six Mozart was already a master keyboard player, an accomplished violinist, and showed extraordinary improvisation and sight-reading abilities.The five small pieces he composed at that age are still performed today. In 1762 Leopold took his son on performance tours to several courts in Europe. During that time he composed sonatas, for both hapsichord and violin (1763), a symphony (1764), an oratorio (1766) and the comic opera 'La finta semplice' (1768). In 1769 was appointed Konzertmeister at the Archbishopric of Salzburg, and at the Scala di Milano, Pope Clemens XIV created Mozart a Knight of the Golden Spur. That same year he composed 'Bastien und Bastienne', his first singspiel (an opera, usually comic and in German with spoken dialogue). The following year he was commissioned to compose his first opera, 'Mitridate, re di Ponto', which he wrote in Milan. That piece contributed to consolidate his reputation as an extraordinary musician. Mozart returned to Salzburg in 1771. His post in the city was not remunerated, but it allowed him to compose a great number of important works, that is, undermining his finances. In 1777 he was given permission to engage in a concerts tour, and he set out to Munich with his mother. At twenty-one, Mozart travelled the courts of Europe with the purpose to find a well-paid and satisfactory employment, but he didn't succeed. He went to Mannheim, the musical capital of Europe at the time, with the aim of finding a position in the orchestra, and there fell in love with Aloysia Weber. Leopold sent his wife and son to Paris. His mother's death in the French capital in 1778, together with Weber's rejection and the disdain from the aristocrats he worked for, made that two year period between his arrival in Paris and his return to Salzburg in 1779, one of the gloomiest in Mozart's life. Back in his hometown, Mozart composed two Masses and a great number of sonatas, symphonies and concertos. These works reveal, for the first time, a distinctive personal style and an exceptional musical maturity. The considerable success of his Italian opera 'Idomeneo, re di Creta', commissioned and composed in 1781, led to an invitation to visit the Archbishop of Salzburg in his palace in Vienna, but once there, Mozart felt offended at being treated like a servant and left. He then started teaching at a house that some friends rented for him. There he composed the singspiel 'Die Entführung aus dem Serail', commissioned in 1782 by Emperor Joseph II. The same year he married Constanze Weber, Alysia's younger sister; together they suffered chronic financial troubles until Mozart's death. The operas 'Le nozze di Figaro' (1786) and 'Don Giovanni' (1787), on librettos by Lorenzo Da Ponte, were not well received in Vienna in spite of having been a success in Prague. From 1787 until the creation of 'Così fan tutte' (1790, also on libretto by Da Ponte), Mozart didn't have any new commissions for operas. He composed 'La clemenza di Tito' for the coronation of emperor Leopold II in 1791, on a libretto by Metastasio. The great symphonies from 1788 No. 39 in E flat

Biography

  • MOZART | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Concerto for bassoon and orchestra in B flat major K 191 (bassoon and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 730: [O.V.: English-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 1h 02' 58''

VERESS, Sándor

Picture: VERESS, Sándor

Cluj-Napoca, 1907 - Berne, 1992. null

Biography

  • VERESS | Azzolini < Chamber music

    Sonatina for oboe, clarinet and bassoon

    II. Andante - Allegretto - Tempo I

    CLASS 719: [O.V.: English-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 35' 30''

VILLA-LOBOS, Heitor

Picture: VILLA-LOBOS, Heitor

Rio de Janeiro, 1887 - Rio de Janeiro, 1959. Compositor brasileño. Heitor Villa-Lobos permanece como la única figura creativa más importante del arte musical brasileño del siglo XX. Su relevancia radica no sólo en su reconocimiento internacional, sino que viene de sus logros en la creación de estilos compositivos únicos en los cuales son combinados las técnicas europeas contemporáneas y los elementos reinterpretados de música nacional. Su carrera ampliamente exitosa sirve como modelo para generaciones siguientes de compositores brasileños.

Biography

  • VILLA-LOBOS | Azzolini < Chamber music

    Trio for oboe, clarinet and bassoon

    I. Animé

    CLASS 705: [O.V.: English-Spanish-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 28' 12''
    Part - 40' 30''
  • VILLA-LOBOS | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Ciranda das sete notas, fantasy for bassoon and orchestra (fagot and piano reduction)

    CLASS 710: [O.V.: Italian]

    Content

    Part - 1h 43' 51''

WEBER, Carl Maria von

Picture: WEBER, Carl Maria von

Eutin, 1786 - London, 1826. Carl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber was a German composer, conductor, pianist, guitarist and critic, one of the first significant composers of the Romantic school. Weber's operas Der Freischütz, Euryanthe and Oberon greatly influenced the development of the Romantic opera in Germany. His compositions for the clarinet, which include two concertos, a concertino, a quintet and a duo concertante, are regularly performed today. His piano music&#151;including four sonatas, two concertos and the Konzertstück (Concert Piece) in F minor&#151;influenced composers such as Frédéric Chopin, Franz Liszt and Felix Mendelssohn. The Konzertstück provided a new model for the one-movement concerto in several contrasting sections (such as Liszt's, who often played the work), and was acknowledged by Igor Stravinsky as the model for his Capriccio for Piano and Orchestra. Weber's Invitation to the Dance was later orchestrated by Hector Berlioz and his Polacca Brillante was later orchestrated by Franz Liszt. An innovative composer, Weber's concertino for horn requires the performer to simultaneously produce two notes by humming while playing - a technique known in brass playing as multiphonics. Weber's contribution to vocal and choral music is also significant. His body of Catholic religious music was highly popular in 19th century Germany, and he composed one of the earliest song-cycles, Die Temperamente beim Verluste der Geliebten (Four Temperaments on the Loss of a Lover). Weber was also notable as one of the first conductors to conduct without a piano or violin. Weber's orchestration has also been highly praised and emulated by later generations of composers - Hector Berlioz referred to him several times in his Treatise on Instrumentation while Claude Debussy remarked that the sound of the Weber orchestra was obtained through the scrutiny of the soul of each instrument. His operas influenced the work of later opera composers, especially in Germany, such as Heinrich Marschner, Giacomo Meyerbeer and Richard Wagner, as well as several nationalist 19th-century composers such as Mikhail Glinka. Homage has been paid Weber by 20th century composers such as Debussy, Stravinsky, Gustav Mahler (who completed Weber's unfinished comic opera Die drei Pintos and made revisions of Euryanthe and Oberon) and Paul Hindemith (composer of the popular Symphonic Metamorphoses on Themes of Weber). Weber also wrote music journalism and was interested in folksong, and learned lithography to engrave his own works.

Biography

  • WEBER | Azzolini < Bassoon

    Concerto for bassoon and orchestra in F major J 127 op 75 (bassoon and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro ma non troppo

    CLASS 713: [O.V.: English-Spanish-Italian]

    Content

    Part - 1h 36' 34''
    Part - 10' 00''

ZELENKA, Jan Dismas

Picture: ZELENKA, Jan Dismas

Lounovice pod Blaníkem, Bohemia, 1679 - Dresden, 1745

Biography

  • ZELENKA | Azzolini < Chamber music

    Sonata for 2 oboes, bassoon and basso continuo no. 2 in G minor

    I. Andante

    CLASS 732: [O.V.: Italian]

    Content

    Part - 46' 34''
    Part - 5' 58''
    Part - 41' 56''
  • ZELENKA | Azzolini < Chamber music

    Sonata for 2 oboes, bassoon and basso continuo no. 2 in G minor

    II. Allegro

    CLASS 732: [O.V.: Italian]

    Content

    Part - 7' 24''

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