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Baborák, Radek

Picture: Baborák, Radek

Pardubice (Czech Republic), 1976. null

Biography

BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van

Picture: BEETHOVEN, Ludwig van

Bonn, 1770 - Vienna, 1827. He was born in the German town of Bonn on the 16th of December 1770. His grandfather Ludwig and his father Johann were both musicians. Johann was to act as little Ludwig's first music teacher, but Ludwig soon changed to the court organist C. G. Neefe. Passing eleven years of age, Ludwig deputized for Neefe, and at twelve had his first music published. He then stayed as Neefe's assistant until 1787, when at seventeen, he took off for Vienna. Even though Vienna was to be his home for the rest of his life, this first visit was short. On hearing that his mother was dying, he quickly returned to Bonn. Five years later he finally moved to Vienna to live and work. After arriving in 1792 he studied composition and counterpoint under Haydn, Schenk, Salieri and Albrechtsberger. At the same time, he tried to establish himself as pianist and composer. His good relations with the towns aristocracy soon led to a secured income. In 1809, with the sole condition that he stayed in Vienna, Prince Kinsky, Prince Lobkowitz and Archduke Rudolp even guaranteed Beethoven a yearly income. But going back to the years around 1800, which is traditionally called the early period, he was still trying to master the high classical style. This strive culminated in the second symphony from 1801-1802. This is also the time when the middle period starts. From now up until 1813, Beethoven develops and enhances the high classical style into a more dynamic and individualistic style. It is now that he writes symphonies Nr. 3 - 8, piano consert Nr. 5 and a lot of chamber music. But as he learns to control his craft and develop the music into new undiscovered grounds, he also suffers from reminders of the pains of real life. He has early in life discovered that his hearing wasn't what it should be, and the disorder gets worse as time goes by. It gets to the point where Beethoven is thinking of ending his life as he sees no way out of his despair. That fact is documented in the letter he wrote to his brothers in 1802, the so called "Heiligenstadt Testament". This hearing disorder seems to have affected his social life to a great extent. He became difficult to handle in social interactions and could suddenly burst into outbreaks of anger and show bad temper where he usually insulted someone. If that is the reason for his troubles with women, or if their is something traumatic hidden in his childhood, I don't know, but the fact is that he never got involved with a woman in a normal relation. Beethoven seems to have been attracted to women he couldn't get, or at least was hard to get. An example is Antoine Brentano, with whom he had a relationship, but who broke up with him to marry a friend. It is she who is known as the "immortal beloved" in letters addressed to her from Beethoven in 1812. Now came a couple of years without much creative work. Instead he was tormented by personal matters concerning his nephew of which he tried to gain custody when the brother died in 1815. But Beethoven didn't have the capacity of a domestic human being, and even though he did win the struggle for custody, Beethovens relation with the nephew was tense and burdensome and it reached the point where little Karl tried to take his own life in 1826. This is also the so called late period in Beethovens musical career. His music is described as less dramatic and more introvert, but also, I would like to add, more mature and secure. It has a flavour of the genius growing old and an obvi

Biography

BOZZA, Eugène

Picture: BOZZA, Eugène

Niza, 1905 - Valenciennes, 1991. Compositor y violinista francés del siglo XX. Nació en Niza en 1905 y falleció en Valenciennes en 1991. Estudió en el Conservatorio Nacional Superior de Música de París y allí mismo recibió el Primer Premio de Violín, dirección de Orquesta y Composición. Además de estos premio consiguió en 1934 el Primer Gran Premio de Roma. Fue director titular de la orquesta de la Opera-Comique desde 1939 hasta 1948 y a partir de entonces fue director del conservatorio en Valenciennes Entre sus composiciones encontramos numerosas obras para orquesta, música de cámara, voz, piano y gran número de estudios para diversos instrumentos. En sus composiciones utiliza formas clásicas y un lenguaje tonal.

Biography

BRAHMS, Johannes

Picture: BRAHMS, Johannes

Hamburg, 1833 - Vienna, 1897. Brahms was born in Hamburg. His father, who gave him his first music lessons, was a double bassist. Brahms showed early promise on the piano and helped to supplement the rather meager family income by playing the piano in restaurants and theaters, as well as by teaching. Although it is a widely-told tale that Brahms had to play the piano in bars and brothels, recent research, for example that by Kurt Hoffman, suggest that this is probably false. For a time, he also learned the violoncello, although his progress was cut short when his teacher absconded with Brahms's instrument. The young Brahms gave a few public concerts, but did not become well known as a pianist (although in later life he gave the premieres of both his Piano Concerto No. 1 in 1859 and his Piano Concerto No. 2 in 1881). He also began to compose, but his efforts did not receive much attention until he went on a concert tour with Eduard Reményi in 1853. On this tour he met Joseph Joachim, Franz Liszt, and later was introduced to the great German composer Robert Schumann. Reményi was, however, offended by Brahms' failure to praise Liszt's 'Sonata in B minor' wholeheartedly on a visit to the Court of Weimar where Liszt was the court musician. Many of Brahms' friends cited that Reményi, being the polished courtier, had expected the younger Brahms to conform to common practice of politely applauding a celebrity's piece which Brahms either failed to do or did not appear to do so with condescending compliment. He told Brahms that their friendship must end although it was not clear as to whether Liszt felt offended or otherwise. Joachim, however was to become one of his closest friends, and Schumann, through articles championing the young Brahms, played an important role in alerting the public to the young man's compositions. Brahms also became acquainted with Schumann's wife, the composer and pianist Clara, 14 years his senior, with whom he carried on a lifelong, emotionally passionate, but always platonic relationship. Brahms never married. In 1862 he settled permanently in Vienna and began to concentrate fully on composing. With work such as the German Requiem, Brahms eventually established a strong reputation and came to be regarded in his own lifetime as one of the great composers. This may have given him the confidence finally to complete his first symphony; this appeared in 1876, after about ten years of work. The other three symphonies then followed in fairly rapid succession (1877, 1883, 1885). Brahms frequently traveled, both for business (concert tours) and pleasure. He often visited Italy in the springtime, and usually sought out a pleasant rural location in which to compose during the summer. In 1890, the 57-year-old Brahms resolved to give up composing. However, as it turned out, he was unable to abide by his decision, and in the years before his death he produced a number of acknowledged masterpieces, including the two clarinet sonatas Op. 120 (1894) and the Four Serious Songs (Vier ernste Gesänge) Op. 121 (1896). While completing the Op. 121 songs Brahms fell ill of cancer (sources differ on whether this was of the liver or pancreas). His condition gradually worsened and he died on April 3, 1897. Brahms is buried in the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna.

Biography

BRUCKNER, Anton

Picture: BRUCKNER, Anton

Ansfelden, 1824 - Viena, 1896

Biography

GENERALITIES, GENERALITIES

Picture: GENERALITIES, GENERALITIES

Biography

GLIER, Reyngol'd Moritsevich

Picture: GLIER, Reyngol'd Moritsevich

Kiev, 1875 - Moscow, 1956

Biography

  • GLIER | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra op 91 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4063: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 17' 44''
    Part - 19' 03''
  • GLIER | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra op 91 (horn and piano reduction)

    III. Moderato - Allegro vivace

    CLASS 4063: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 14' 15''

HÄNDEL, George Frideric

Picture: HÄNDEL, George Frideric

The Hague, 1685 - London, 1759

Biography

  • HÄNDEL | Baborák < Horn

    Water Music for orchestra HWV 349 (arrangement for six horns by L. Martinet)

    Aria (Allegro moderato)

    CLASS 4104: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 18' 43''

HUMMEL, Johann Nepomuk

Picture: HUMMEL, Johann Nepomuk

Pressburg, 1778 - Weimar, 1837

Biography

  • HUMMEL | Baborák < Chamber music

    Partita for two clarinets, two oboes, two horns and two bassoons in E flat major

    I. Allegro con spirito

    CLASS 4086: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 34' 53''
  • HUMMEL | Baborák < Chamber music

    Partita for two clarinets, two oboes, two horns and two bassoons in E flat major

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4086: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 9' 07''
  • HUMMEL | Baborák < Chamber music

    Partita for two clarinets, two oboes, two horns and two bassoons in E flat major

    III. Vivace Assai

    CLASS 4086: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 12' 14''

KIEL, Clemens August

Picture: KIEL, Clemens August

Wiesbaden - Detmold

Biography

  • KIEL | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in F major op 23 (horn part)

    III. Rondo. Allegretto

    CLASS 4068: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 5' 40''
    Part - 15' 06''

KIRCHNER, Volker David

Picture: KIRCHNER, Volker David

Mainz, 1942

Biography

MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus

Picture: MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus

Salzburg, 1756 - Vienna, 1791. Austrian composer from the Classical period. Regarded as one of the most prominent in the history of Western music. Born in Salzburg on 27 January 1756, baptized as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. Studied with his father Leopold Mozart, a renowned composer and violinist who had a post at the court orchestra of the Archbishop of Salzburg. At the age of six Mozart was already a master keyboard player, an accomplished violinist, and showed extraordinary improvisation and sight-reading abilities.The five small pieces he composed at that age are still performed today. In 1762 Leopold took his son on performance tours to several courts in Europe. During that time he composed sonatas, for both hapsichord and violin (1763), a symphony (1764), an oratorio (1766) and the comic opera 'La finta semplice' (1768). In 1769 was appointed Konzertmeister at the Archbishopric of Salzburg, and at the Scala di Milano, Pope Clemens XIV created Mozart a Knight of the Golden Spur. That same year he composed 'Bastien und Bastienne', his first singspiel (an opera, usually comic and in German with spoken dialogue). The following year he was commissioned to compose his first opera, 'Mitridate, re di Ponto', which he wrote in Milan. That piece contributed to consolidate his reputation as an extraordinary musician. Mozart returned to Salzburg in 1771. His post in the city was not remunerated, but it allowed him to compose a great number of important works, that is, undermining his finances. In 1777 he was given permission to engage in a concerts tour, and he set out to Munich with his mother. At twenty-one, Mozart travelled the courts of Europe with the purpose to find a well-paid and satisfactory employment, but he didn't succeed. He went to Mannheim, the musical capital of Europe at the time, with the aim of finding a position in the orchestra, and there fell in love with Aloysia Weber. Leopold sent his wife and son to Paris. His mother's death in the French capital in 1778, together with Weber's rejection and the disdain from the aristocrats he worked for, made that two year period between his arrival in Paris and his return to Salzburg in 1779, one of the gloomiest in Mozart's life. Back in his hometown, Mozart composed two Masses and a great number of sonatas, symphonies and concertos. These works reveal, for the first time, a distinctive personal style and an exceptional musical maturity. The considerable success of his Italian opera 'Idomeneo, re di Creta', commissioned and composed in 1781, led to an invitation to visit the Archbishop of Salzburg in his palace in Vienna, but once there, Mozart felt offended at being treated like a servant and left. He then started teaching at a house that some friends rented for him. There he composed the singspiel 'Die Entführung aus dem Serail', commissioned in 1782 by Emperor Joseph II. The same year he married Constanze Weber, Alysia's younger sister; together they suffered chronic financial troubles until Mozart's death. The operas 'Le nozze di Figaro' (1786) and 'Don Giovanni' (1787), on librettos by Lorenzo Da Ponte, were not well received in Vienna in spite of having been a success in Prague. From 1787 until the creation of 'Così fan tutte' (1790, also on libretto by Da Ponte), Mozart didn't have any new commissions for operas. He composed 'La clemenza di Tito' for the coronation of emperor Leopold II in 1791, on a libretto by Metastasio. The great symphonies from 1788 No. 39 in E flat

Biography

  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro moderato

    CLASS 4052: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 47' 44''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro moderato

    CLASS 4059: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 10' 14''
    Part - 26' 44''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro moderato

    CLASS 4083: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 38' 02''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Romanza. Andante

    CLASS 4059: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 6' 45''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Romanza. Andante

    CLASS 4080: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 27' 15''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Romanza. Andante

    CLASS 4083: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 12' 44''
  • MOZART | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra in E flat major K 495 (horn part)

    I. Allegro moderato

    CLASS 4052: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 5' 28''

STRAUSS, Richard

Picture: STRAUSS, Richard

Munich, 1864 - Garmisch-Partenkirchen, 1949. German composer and conductor. He emerged soon after the deaths of Wagner and Brahms as the most important living German composer. During an artistic career which spanned nearly eight decades, he composed in virtually all musical genres, but became best known for his tone poems (composed during the closing years of the 19th century) and his operas (from the early decades of the 20th). Coming of age as a composer at a time when the duality of bourgeois and artist had become increasingly problematic, Strauss negotiated the worlds of art and society with a remarkable combination of candour and irony. Averse to the metaphysics of Wagner and indifferent to Mahler's philosophical intentions in music, Strauss exploited instead the paradoxes, inconsistencies and potential profundities to be found in modern, everyday life. The new possibilities he envisioned for music were exemplified in the eclecticism of the opera Der Rosenkavalier, in which the juxtaposition of contemporary with intentionally anachronistic elements creates a stylistic pluralism that adumbrates subsequent experimentation of the later 20th century.

Biography

  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 4054: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 8' 27''
    Part - 13' 51''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 4067: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 28' 23''
    Part - 2' 18''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 4105: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 8' 53''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4065: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 14' 12''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4067: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 9' 08''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn and piano reduction)

    III. Allegro - Rondo - Allegro

    CLASS 4105: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 6' 47''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 4054: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 27' 33''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    I. Allegro

    CLASS 4101: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 13' 56''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4065: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 17' 43''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    II. Andante

    CLASS 4101: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 14' 02''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    III. Allegro - Rondo - Allegro

    CLASS 4065: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 13' 46''
  • STRAUSS | Baborák < Horn

    Concerto for horn and orchestra no. 1 in E flat major op 11 (horn part)

    III. Allegro - Rondo - Allegro

    CLASS 4101: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 25' 40''

TCHAIKOVSKY, Pyotr Il'yich

Picture: TCHAIKOVSKY, Pyotr Il'yich

Kamsko-Votkinsk, 1840 - St Petersburg, 1893. He was a Russian composer of the Romantic era. His wide ranging output includes symphonies, operas, ballets, instrumental and chamber music and songs. He wrote some of the most popular concert and theatrical music in the classical repertoire, including the ballets Swan Lake, The Sleeping Beauty and The Nutcracker, the 1812 Overture, his First Piano Concerto, his last three numbered symphonies, and the opera Eugene Onegin. Born into a middle-class family, Tchaikovsky was educated for a career as a civil servant, despite his obvious musical precocity. He pursued a musical career against the wishes of his family, entering the Saint Petersburg Conservatory in 1862 and graduating in 1865. This formal, Western-oriented training set him apart from the contemporary nationalistic movement embodied by the influential group of young Russian composers known as The Five, with whom Tchaikovsky's professional relationship was mixed. Although he enjoyed many popular successes, Tchaikovsky was never emotionally secure, and his life was punctuated by personal crises and periods of depression. Contributory factors were his suppressed homosexuality and fear of exposure, his disastrous marriage, and the sudden collapse of the one enduring relationship of his adult life, his 13-year association with the wealthy widow Nadezhda von Meck. Amid private turmoil Tchaikovsky's public reputation grew; he was honored by the Tsar, awarded a lifetime pension and lauded in the concert halls of the world. His sudden death at the age of 53 is generally ascribed to cholera, but some attribute it to suicide. Although perennially popular with concert audiences across the world, Tchaikovsky's music was often dismissed by critics in the early and mid-20th century as being vulgar and lacking in elevated thought. By the end of the 20th century, however, Tchaikovsky's status as a significant composer was generally regarded as secure.

Biography

  • TCHAIKOVSKY | Baborák < Horn

    Symphony no. 5 in E minor op 64 (horn part)

    II. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza

    CLASS 4105: [O.V.: English]

    Content

    Part - 7' 59''

WAGNER, Richard

Picture: WAGNER, Richard

Leipzig, 1813 - Venice, 1883. Composer. One of the key figures in the history of opera, Wagner was largely responsible for altering its orientation in the 19th century. His programme of artistic reform, though not executed to the last detail, accelerated the trend towards organically conceived, through-composed structures, as well as influencing the development of the orchestra, of a new breed of singer, and of various aspects of theatrical practice.

Biography

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